Julie Van Dyke, Ph.D.

Julie Van Dyke's picture
Address: 
Haskins Laboratories
203.865.6163, x214
Fax number: 
203.865.8963

Affiliations

Senior Scientist, Haskins Laboratories
Adjunct Professor, Department of Linguistics and Languages, McMaster University
Adjunct Doctoral Faculty, Program in Speech-Language-Hearing Sciences, City University of New York (CUNY) Graduate Center

Education

Ph.D., Cognitive Psychology, University of Pittsburgh
M.Sc., Computational Linguistics, Carnegie Mellon University
B.A., Computer Science and Linguistics, University of Delaware

Research Interests

Dr. Van Dyke investigates the interaction of phonological, memory, and executive function abilities on reading and language comprehension across the life-span, with a special focus on language-based clinical disorders.  She utilizes eye-tracking methods to investigate natural reading behaviors and the speed-accuracy tradeoff technique to precisely characterize the dynamics of word retrieval and linguistic processing.  She also conducts experiments using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and electroencephalography (EEG/ERP) to determine the neurobiological basis of skilled and disabled reading. A driving hypothesis in her research relates to the pervasive reliance on memory retrieval during language processing and the role of similarity-based interference as the primary limitation on successful comprehension.

Representative Publications

Johns, C.L., Matsuki, K. & Van Dyke, J.A., (2015).  Poor readers’ retrieval mechanism: Efficient access is not dependent on reading skill. Frontiers in Psychology—Language Sciences, 6:1552.  http://dx.doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01552 (PubMed Journal—PMCID In Progress)

Van Dyke, J.A., & Johns, C.L. Kukona, A.  (2014).  Low working memory capacity is only spuriously related to poor reading comprehension, Cognition, 131(3), 373-403. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2014.01.007 PubMed Central PMCID:PMC3988267

Glaser, Y.G., Martin, R.C., Van Dyke, J.A., Hamilton, A.C., Tan, Y. (2013).  Neural basis of semantic and syntactic interference resolution in sentence comprehension. Brain and Language, 126, 314-326.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bandl.2013.06.006 PubMed PMID: 23933471; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC3816580

Kuperman, V., & Van Dyke, J.A. (2011a). Effects of individual differences in verbal skills on eye-movement patterns during sentence reading. Journal of Memory and Language, 65(1), 42-73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jml.2011.03.002 PMCID: PMC3119501

Van Dyke, J.A. & McElree, B. (2011). Cue-dependent interference in comprehension. Journal of Memory and Language, 65, 247-263. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jml.2011.05.002 PMCID: PMC3171743

Grant Support

Principal Investigator, subcontract, National Institutes of Health (R56-AG-049733) “Effects of age-related declines in working memory on syntactic comprehension” (David Caplan, PI) 2015-2016

Principal Investigator, National Institutes of Health (R01-HD073288) “Retrieval interference in skilled and unskilled reading comprehension” 2012-2017

Investigator, National Institutes of Health (P01-HD001994) “Nature and Acquisition of the Speech Code and Reading” (Jay Rueckl, PI) 2012-2017

Investigator, National Institutes of Health (R01-HD-067364) “Second language literacy acquisition: Psycholinguistic and neuro-cognitive determinants” (Kenneth Pugh, PI) 2011-2016

Principal Investigator, National Institutes of Health (R21-HD058944) “Individual differences in memory storage and retrieval during reading comprehension”
2009-2012

Investigator, National Institutes of Health (R01-HD-056200) “Memory mechanisms in support of language comprehension” (Brian McElree, PI) 2008-2013

Investigator, National Institutes of Health (R01-HD-040353) “Neurobehavioral Mechanisms in Reading Comprehension” (Donald Shankweiler, PI), 2005-2011